Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Understanding the Lyme disease Sign and Symptoms

Lyme disease sign could continue or recur in periodic way even if antibiotic could be effective to treat and destroy the bacteria. Lyme disease itself known well as a bacterial illness that could develop and this illness caused by an infected tick which is commonly in wooden or grassy areas. That is why spending you time around these areas could bring risk because of the developing infection. To know the symptoms and signs, here are some information for you. 
  
Understanding the Lyme disease Sign and Symptoms
Understanding the Lyme disease Sign and Symptoms

How to recognize Lyme disease symptoms?

Lyme disease symptoms could be seen from eye. The classic symptoms of Lyme disease occurs when bull’s eye rash occurs. In this case, it could develop within days or even weeks because of beaten by infected tick and then begin as a cluster. It is small red bumps and in a gradual way will spread through the bite areas featured by a clear center and red ring. The second sign is there is a joint pain or known as arthritis symptoms around the different parts of your body such as knees and fingers. This sign will appear if you left it untreated and being worsen. For the pain, it is intermittent and ongoing. In a normal period, it develop and being worsen in progressive time over weeks or months. Not only that, but you will feel like having flu symptomsalong the joint pain and rash. You will feel headache, fatigue, body aches, fever and body chills. It goes with the same time as the bull’s eye rash. 

Lyme Epidemologi

In some areas in the United States, Lyme disease is not only transmitted by ticks Ixodes scapularis, but also by rodents and ticks Ixodes paficius.  In Europe, other Borrelia species B. garinii is also capable of causing a disease with symptoms similar to Lyme disease . Transmission of the disease in the European region carried by vectors such as ticks I. ricinus.  In the Asian region, Lyme disease is caused by B. afzelii through the mediation of I. persulcatus. On the whole it can be said that the distribution of the disease is very widespread and transmitted to humans via group Borrelia and various different types of flea species, depending on their respective territories

Does Lyme disease could lead to neurological and heart problem?

Definitely yes. In some cases, Lyme disease could lead to neurological problem that make you experiencing numbness, muscle weakness and facial paralysis. Those are the common signs as the end stage of Lyme disease if you never do Lyme disease treatment. Other risks if never treat it, you can get mood swings, difficulty concentrating and memory loss. Not only that, but it could also lead to the heart problem because the heart tissues will get inflammation and irregular heartbeat. The risk of heart failure could happen because Lyme disease categorized as a serious disease for health. Consulting to your doctors is the best way in order to know what you should do and what treatment available for you. Or, you can try to go to clinic in order to find out the right herbs or Lyme disease antibiotics.

Lyme Diagnosis
Various serological tests such as ELISA and fluorescence staining can be performed to detect the presence of antibodies to B. burgdorferi that appear 4-6 weeks after infection.  However, the most effective serological test today is the western blot, the antibody is due to the presence of B. burgdorferi can be detected from the first infections suffered until several years later.  After several years, the body no longer produces antibodies against the bacteria because the bacteria was latent in the body.

To detect B. burgdorferi from body fluids and tissues, can be used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a sensitive and relatively fast.  However, the PCR method is not able to distinguish between B. burgdorferi cells were still alive or already dead in the body.  Some microbiological tests by culturing B. burgdorferi from erythema migrans part can also be done but rarely because of B. burgdorferi requires specific and complex media for growth.  Generally, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics when symptoms appear early in the disease and the patient had been bitten by ticks in the near future, followed by the appearance of erythema migrans.


Prevent and Treatment of Lyme Disease
To prevent tick bites on the skin and of clothing, can be used a flea deterrent compounds diethyl-m-toluamide, cyclohexylpyrrolidinone (DEET).  The vaccine for Lyme disease have also been developed and is mainly intended for animals.  To treat the infection, it can be used doxycycline (tetracycline derivatives), or amoxicillin (beta-lactam antibiotics) for 20-30 days.  If the disease has entered the chronic phase of penicillin or ceftriaxone can be used in high doses accompanied by probenicid, chemical compounds that can maintain serum antibiotic in the body up to 30 days.

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